Treatment of Dental Bridges
WHAT IS A DENTAL BRIDGE?
Dental bridge is a method in which the tooth cavity that was formed as a result of the loss of one or more teeth, is filled by getting support from the adjacent teeth in the mouth.
HOW IS THE DENTAL BRIDGE PREPARED? WHY IS IT NEEDED?
The importance of losing even one tooth, both for oral health and aesthetic look is indisputable. We continuously use our teeth while chewing, speaking, and laughing. Dental bridges also help to protect the natural shape of the face by supporting the lip and cheeks. The missing teeth make you look older and more worn off. Each of the teeth is located inside the jaw to complete one another. After an early tooth loss, the adjacent teeth move towards the cavity of the lost tooth gradually. As a result of this movement of the adjacent teeth, malocclusions and gingival problems arise. Besides, lack of chewing activity in the area where the teeth are missing results in pathological problems in the temporomandibular joint.
While the dental bridges are being done, an abrasion and preparation are done on the adjacent teeth, too. This abrasion includes rather the decay and filling areas in these teeth.
The prepared teeth are coated and by getting support from them, the extracted tooth cavities are filled with porcelain or acrylic teeth, according to the material. The dental bridges are completed this way.
In case there are not enough number of teeth to be used as bases for the bridge or the existing teeth do not provide the necessary support, then this support is ensured by putting dental implants.
DENTAL BRIDGE MATERIALS
Two types of material can be used for the preparation of the bridges; metal-backed, and non-metal backed. In the metal-backed bridges, the usage aim of the metal is to increase the endurance of the porcelain. In the metal-backed bridges, the usage aim of the metal is to increase the endurance of the tooth porcelain. In the base of the dental bridges, various metals can be used ranging from golden alloys to titanium. Today, a specially produced porcelain called zirconium can be used solely without any metal base. The advantage of zirconium is that its luminous transmittance is the same with natural tooth since it has no metal support in the base. In this way, an aesthetically more appealing look is ensured.
CLEANING THE DENTAL BRIDGES
The dental bridges have to be brushed and cleaned, just like the healthy teeth in our mouth. For cleaning the dental bridges, you should also use dental bridge floss beside brushing them. The dental bridges should certainly be checked by the dentist every six months. No matter how functional and aesthetically appealing the dental bridge is done, gingival recession may occur as a result of plaque formation in the supportive teeth, unless the necessary care and attention are ensured. This situation requires the replacement of dental bridges.