Dental Implant Treatment
A dental implant is a titanium tooth root that replaces a tooth tissue lost for any reason, such as dental tooth decay or trauma.
Dental implant treatment is the best and most modern dental treatment known for the treatment of dental missings. Nowadays, thanks to new and technological materials, dental implant treatments can be done easier, painless and faster. With new materials, dental implants stick to the jawbone more quickly and thus, dental prosthesis applications done on dental implants can be performed in a short time.
To replace the missing teeth, the screw system replacing the tooth roots placed with a dental operation is called ‘dental implant’. Dental implants are made of titanium which is known to be bone-friendly and which can easily adapt to tissues.
Dental implants will be the most used dental prosthesis treatment method in the twenty-first century. Dental implants are the most suitable alternative to natural teeth, and they provide better speaking and chewing function compared to removable dental prostheses.
WHAT IS DENTAL IMPLANT?
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots prepared from special materials in order to replace the missing teeth in the mouth. Dental implants are placed in the jawbone with a simple dental surgery.
HOW LONG IS THE LIFETIME OF DENTAL IMPLANTS?
Today, there are dental implants that have been clinically followed for more than thirty years. As technology progresses, new dental implant materials become available every passing day. Your dentist will advise you on the selection of the appropriate dental implant for your jaw structure. The dental implant remains in the mouth for a long period of time with good oral and dental care, and necessary intra-oral checks.
WHAT ARE THE LIMITATIONS ON THE APPLICATION OF DENTAL IMPLANT?
The dental implant can be applied to any patient with good overall health. Dental implant application is not preferred in young individuals with incomplete bone development. To ensure long-lasting dental implants, there must be a strong jawbone around with a certain thickness and size. There is no upper age limit for dental implants. Dental implants can be applied to anyone with a sufficient amount of bone and good bone density. However, in the general health condition of the patient, there should be no obstacle for the application of dental implants. Dental implant is not suitable to be done in case of bone diseases. Diabetes is one of the diseases that should be taken into account in the treatment of dental implants. However, if diabetes is under control, there is no harm in treating dental implants. Because of the deterioration of bone structure or tendency to infection of patients using routine cortisone medications, the dentist should consult with the patient’s physician during the dental implant application.
Dental implants must be in full harmony with the jawbone in order to remain healthy against chewing pressures in the teeth. Wrapping the bone completely around the implanted dental implant is called osseointegration. For osseointegration, it is necessary to wait at least 3 and maximum 6 months after the operation according to the type of dental surgery, area, patient’s age, and health condition. When this period is lapsed, the suitable implant-top dental prosthesis is performed.
PLACEMENT OF THE DENTAL IMPLANT
Dental implant placement is performed using appropriate anesthesia and the patient does not feel any pain. The pain felt on the day of implant placement can be prevented by simple painkillers, and it has been observed that this pain is not different from the one felt after tooth extraction.
DENTAL IMPLANT CARE
After the application of dental implants, cleaning by the patient should be seen as part of dental treatment. Considering that there are foreign objects in the body, it is clear that care, cleaning and control of dental implants are more important than natural teeth. Your dentist will tell you about the cleaning and care you will perform according to the dental prothesis you use.
DENTAL PROSTHESIS TO BE APPLIED ON DENTAL IMPLANTS
Prosthetic teeth to be appelied on the dental implant can be applied both as a removable dental prosthesis and fixed dental prothesis according to your needs and wishes, if conditions that meet the medical requirements are available. A dental implant is not required for each lost tooth. Often, a dental implant can be used as a dental bridge foot to function instead of two or three missing teeth. The dental prosthesis and dental implant planning that suits you will be explained by your dentist after examinations, and dental x-ray evaluation.
RISKS IN DENTAL IMPLANT TREATMENT
In dental implant operations, there are no risks other than the ones that may be encountered in surgical procedures performed in the mouth. These are infection and allergic reactions in the early periods and problems that may arise in the following periods due to the failure of oral hygiene. Early problems are minimized by heeding the rules to be followed after the operation while late problems by paying attention to oral care.
If the body rejects a dental implant (3.89% according to research), the dental implant is removed by a procedure similar to tooth extraction. Following the healing of the jawbone, either a dental implant is applied again or the area is restored with conventional dental prosthesis.
ADVANTAGES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
A more aesthetic tooth appearance is obtained.
The necessity of using removable dental prothesis is eliminated.
Even in toothless mouths, there is a chance of using a fixed dental prosthesis.
In the removable dental prosthesis, which swings due to lack of bone support, the necessary adherence can be achieved.
Problems such as decreased taste sensation and nausea caused by the design of upper total dental prothesis which closes the palate are eliminated.
A better chewing function and a healthier and more balanced diet are provided.
The person regains her self-confidence.
DISADVANTAGES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
The cost of dental implant materials is higher than conventional dental prosthesis due to the high technology they are produced and imported materials used.
The osseointegration of the dental implant is waited for dental prosthesis.
After dental implant application, care must be taken for oral hygiene and cleaning.
There should be no serious illness affecting the general health of the patient. (Such as uncontrollablediabetes)