Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the normal structure and development of teeth and jaws, dental disorders that occur and their treatment. Our goal as a dentist is to give you the most beautiful and healthy smile. The orthodontic treatment brings you a more beautiful smile. Besides, orthodontic treatment improves the relations of teeth with each other, allowing you to have better-functioning teeth and jaw joints.
Crowding teeth need to be corrected both for your health and quality of life. This may be an aesthetic need as well as has a close relation with your oral health and your eating-drinking-brushing habits.
SCOPE OF ORTHODONTY
Orthodontic treatment is applied in the period of deciduous teeth, problems resulting from bad habits such as finger sucking or lip-biting are eliminated in this period. With orthodontic treatment, a permanent disturbance of the skeletal structure of the jaw is prevented.
The mixed dentition period is also within the scope of orthodontics. During this period, both deciduous teeth and permanent teeth are found in the mouth. If the deciduous teeth are lost prematurely and cannot guide the permanent teeth from below, tightness occurs. Orthodontics deals with the elimination of this tightness. At the same time, chin development continues in this period. The inconsistency between the jaws that arise as a result of incompatible upper and lower jaw development is also within the scope of orthodontics.
During permanent teeth, orthodontics deal with the correction of defects in dental arrangement. The treatment of irregularities due to gingival diseases and the treatment of irregularities resulting from congenital missing or subsequently lost teeth are also within the scope of orthodontics.
WHAT CAUSES ORTHODONTIC PROBLEMS?
The causes of orthodontic problems may be genetic or acquired. Habits such as long-term use of pacifiers and baby bottles, finger sucking and lip-biting habits, cause orthodontic disorders.
WHEN SHOULD YOU GO TO AN ORTHODONTIST?
While jawbone disorders should be corrected with orthodontic treatment at a very early age, there is time for orthodontic treatment for cases where only the teeth show irregularity. Adults can consult to an orthodontist at any age. However, advanced age prolongs the duration of orthodontic treatment. Going to an orthodontic specialist at an early age does not mean that treatment will begin immediately. If the child is under the control of an orthodontist, a potential orthodontic problem is kept under control. Thus, the orthodontist can intervene at the most appropriate time.
IS THERE AN AGE LIMIT FOR ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
Age is not a problem in correcting orthodontic disorders involving only teeth. Orthodontic treatment can be applied for young and old alike as long as the teeth and gingiva are healthy. However, it is thought that the duration of orthodontic treatment increases with advanced age.
Age is important if there is a disorder in the individual’s bone structure; orthodontic treatment should be applied until adolescence. Because it is not possible to interfere with bone development after jaw development is completed. For this reason, orthodontic disorders related to the jawbones can be corrected only by surgery in the advanced ages.
Orthodontic Treatments in Children
Following the tooth structure of children is very important for the health of future permanent teething. Orthodontic examination in children should be around 6-7 years of age when the first permanent teething begins. The orthodontic examination to be performed at these ages will diagnose both the closing problems of the teeth and the skeletal disorders of the jaws. The main purpose of pediatric orthodontic treatment is to eliminate the causing factor of the orthodontic problem. Orthodontic disorders can be prevented by simple measures that can be applied easily without any wire or palate. If appropriate measures are taken in children, a certain level of improvement in orthodontic problems may occur.
Orthodontic Treatments in Adults
In childhood, the necessary orthodontic treatments may not be performed for various reasons. However, there is no age limit for orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment can be applied to adults. Crowding teeth and irregular looking teeth; cause deterioration of oral health and general health, in addition to causing an aesthetically bad appearance. In smooth teeth, it may deteriorate due to tooth extraction and gingiva problems. Moving the teeth towards the gap of missing teeth can cause our teeth to draw away or bend. With orthodontic treatment, you can improve your oral health, improve your facial appearance and increase your self-confidence. Although young people are the first thing that comes to mind when it comes to orthodontic treatment, everyone can benefit from it regardless of their age. Today, a large number of adults are wearing wires and receiving orthodontic treatment.
HOW IS THE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT APPLIED?
Orthodontic treatment is divided into two as fixed and removable orthodontic treatment:
Fixed Orthodontic Treatment:
Fixed orthodontic treatment, as the name implies, is an orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances that cannot be removed by the patient. In fixed orthodontic treatment, a grooved metal called brackets (porcelain brackets are also used) is attached to the teeth. A wire passes through this groove. This wire is replaced with intervals of 4-6 weeks.
Removable Orthodontic Treatment:
Removable orthodontic treatment is the orthodontic treatment using the apparatus that the patient can attach or remove himself.
Removable orthodontic treatment is rather used in children aged 6-12 years.
In some cases, both fixed and removable orthodontic treatment may be required.
HOW DOES ORTHODONTIC THERAPY SHOW EFFECT?
With orthodontic treatment, the progreess can be directed, increased or decreased by applying force to the jawbone during the progreess period. By applying force to the teeth in the same way, the locations and positions can be changed with orthodontic treatment. Fixed and removable apparatus used during orthodontic treatment show effect by applying force to teeth and jawbones.
HOW LONG THE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT LAST?
The duration of orthodontic treatment depends on many factors. However, the most important factor affecting the duration of orthodontic treatment is the severity of the orthodontic problem. Compared to other treatments in dentistry, orthodontic treatment involves a long process. Therefore, in order to complete the orthodontic treatment as soon as possible, you should heed the warnings of your orthodontist and not miss your examination appoiıntment.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
When your teeth are crowded, they become difficult to clean. Therefore, the risk of decays and gingiva disease increase. The orthodontic treatment eliminates this risk.
The upper and lower teeth are clamped together during closing. However, if crowding is present, some teeth come into contact earlier than others and are exposed to much more force. Depending on this force, problems may occur in the teeth and temporomandibular joint. Orthodontic treatment prevents the occurrence of these problems.
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
During orthodontic treatment, you can do everything you’ve done before. While the orthodontic treatment is being conducted there are only restrictions for food, since gums, acidic beverages, and hard food can damage the orthodontic apparatus. In addition, follow-up examinations should not be missed, since the orthodontic treatment covers a long process.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO CONCEAL THE OROTODONTIC APPARATUS FROM THE OUTSIDE?
As a result of advances in dental technology, today orthodontic treatment can be used with tooth-colored or transparent porcelain brackets which are less noticeable from outside. In addition, braces can be placed on the palate and tongue side of the teeth in orthodontic treatment so that it is not noticed by the others at all.
THINGS TO CONSIDER DURING ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
All decays and gingival diseases should be treated before starting orthodontic treatment.
In both the fixed orthodontic treatment and removable orthodontic treatment, oral hygiene is essential. If a removable orthodontic apparatus is used, the appliance should be removed and the teeth should be brushed after meals. The same attention should be paid to the hygiene of the orthodontic apparatus. Brackets used in the treatment of fixed orthodontics are very suitable for the build-up of food residues. Therefore, food residues between brackets and wires should be carefully cleaned after meals using orthodontic toothbrushes. If oral hygiene is not done, it is inevitable that decays and gingival problems occur during orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontic treatment is a long-term treatment and there are monthly checks. Therefore, the person should be willing for orthodontic treatment and should not miss the appointments.
In the event of any breakage, rupture, or protrusion of the orthodontic apparatus used in any way, it is necessary to consult an orthodontic specialist immediately as the treatment may be adversely affected.
Reinforcement therapy is very important in the treatment of orthodontics. Reinforcement treatment must be followed to maintain the position of the teeth.